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Monday, August 8, 2016

Celebrating The International Day of the World's Indigenous people 2016

The International Day of the world’s Indigenous People is observed on August 9 every year in order to promote and protect the rights of world’s indigenous population. This day is recognized as the achievements and contributions to improve the world issues such as environmental protection, which
Picture from UN
is made by the world’s indigenous people. And it is considered as the day to observe from the government and non government sector how their consideration in the life of indigenous people has impacted during the period of one year.

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994 to be celebrated every year during the first International Decade of the World’s Indigenous people (1995-2004). The day is observed every year on August 9 as the International Day of the world’s Indigenous people since then.

The assembly of the United Nation proclaimed the second International Decade for the period of 2005-2015 with the theme of “ A decade of Action and Dignity”. Indigenous people are defined as the people who are living in their place for a long time and they have their own language, culture, and traditional and customary law. About 370 million indigenous people are living across 90 countries of the world. They possess only the 5% of the world populations, but they are counted about 15% of the poorest.  They constitute more than 7,000 languages and about 5,000 diverse cultures.

Each year of International Day is observed by the different government and non government in order to detect the progress that is made for the indigenous people and whether the theme of the year which is assumed to apply for them fruitful or not. The theme of 2016 International day for the world’s indigenous people is “ Indigenous Peoples’ Right to Education” which is protected by the UN declaration on the right of Indigenous peoples in article 14 which states that; “ Indigenous people have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions providing education in their own languages, in a manner appropriate to their cultural methods of teaching and learning.”

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights also protects the rights of Indigenous people to the education. Other instruments like Goal 4 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development also ensures the equal access to all levels of education and vocational training to all the people, including people having physical disabilities, indigenous and minority and children with vulnerable situations.

Even after the different provisions are made for the woman, children and indigenous people; the disparity existed between them and the general populations. The gap in the education, empowerment and the achievement between indigenous and non-indigenous people has been the greater issues in all the regions of the world.

The indigenous and minorities people are continuingly struggling for the equality and respect for their rights of education, for their rights of land and for being the each individual belonging from the indigenous and minorities in the world.